Results from oral and ocular administration of Lotemax in normal volunteers have shown that there are low or undetectable concentrations of either unchanged material or the metabolite. Results from a bioavailability study established that plasma concentrations of loteprednol etabonate following ocular administration of one drop in each eye of Lotemax eight times daily for 2 days or four times daily for 42 days were below the limit of quantitation (1 ng/mL) and detection (500 pg/mL) at all sampling times. In the same study, plasma cortisol concentrations were measured and no evidence of adrenal cortex suppression was observed. All cortisol measurements were within normal range. This study suggests that limited, if any, systemic absorption occurs with Lotemax.
Steroid and antibiotic eye drops - hydrocortisone/neomycin/polymixin B; loteprednol/tobramycin; prednisolone/gentamycin; prednisolone/sulfacetamide; hydrocortisone /neomycin/bacitracin/ polymyxin B (Blephamide, Catapred [discontinued], Isopto, Pred-G, Poly-Pred [discontinued], Tobradex, Zylet and many other brands) are steroid and antibiotic eye drops prescribed to prevent or treat eye infections that are associated with inflammation. Side effects, drug interactions, dosage, and pregnancy safety information should be reviewed prior to using these medications.
Prostaglandin analogs may cause changes in iris color and eyelid skin, growth of eyelashes , stinging, blurred vision , eye redness, itching, and burning. Beta blockers' side effects include low blood pressure , reduced pulse rate , fatigue , shortness of breath, and in rare occasions, reduced libido and depression . Alpha agonists can cause burning or stinging, fatigue, headache , drowsiness , dry mouth and nose , and also they have a higher likelihood of allergic reaction. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors may cause stinging, burning, and eye discomfort.