September-October 1989 : The “Monday demonstrations” began Sept. 4 in Leipzig, East Germany. They were a series of peaceful protests against the East German communist government that grew out of a series of prayer and discussion sessions with the Revs. Chistian Fuehrer and Cristoph Wonneberger. Each Monday night a crowd would gather at Nikolaikirche, or St. Nicholas Church, and by early October the number grew to more than 70,000 people. Protesters prepared for a violent crackdown by the East German police and the army, but it never came.
Eight hundred years later in 77 ., the somewhat unscientific Roman chronicler of science Pliny the Elder , completed his celebrated series of books entitled " Natural History ". In it, he attributed the name "magnet" to the supposed discoverer of lodestone, the shepherd Magnes , "the nails of whose shoes and the tip of whose staff stuck fast in a magnetic field while he pastured his flocks". Thus another myth was born. Pliny was killed during the volcanic eruption of Mount Vesuvius near Pompeii in . 79 but his "Natural History" lived on as an authority on scientific matters up to the Middle Ages.