One observer reported that the star increased German non-Nazi sympathy for Jews as the impoverished citizens who wore them were, contrary to Nazi propaganda, obviously not the cause of German failure in the east . In Czechoslovakia, the government had to ban hat tipping toward Jews and other courtesies that became popular as protests against the German occupation . A whispering campaign that claimed that the action was in response to the United States government requiring German Americans to wear swastikas was unsuccessful. 
The unwillingness of German judges to lock up unsocialized walking time-bombs already known to the police has claimed a victim in Cologne on New Year’s Eve. Two criminal foreigners, free to terrorize their neighbors despite drug-related and violent crimes, killed a Turkish husband and father who tried to get them to behave. It happened in a sector of the city called Bickendorf — a district notorious for years for immigrant violence and bordering on the thoroughly Islamized Ehrenfeld. There was also knife-play at night in the immigrant milieu of right-bank Cologne-Vingst, where “Antifa” pastor Meurer is collecting for the building of a mosque and reading masses against Pro-Köln. But no one was killed.